Ilimin asali na masaku》

Babi na farko masaniya game da yadi

Yadi 1 (Y) = 0.9144 M (M) 1 inch (1 ") = 2.54 CM (CM) yadi = 36 inci 1 fam (LB) = 454 g (g) ounce 1 = (OZ) = 28.3 g (g )

Ii Ma'anar ƙayyadaddun masana'anta:

Lambar Denny: tana nufin kaurin dogon zaren zaren, wato tsawon zaren mita 9000, nauyinsa gram 1 (g), galibi ana bayyana shi 1 Dan, wanda harafin Ingilishi “D” ya wakilta. Misali, dogon zaren 9,000m, mai nauyin gram 70, an bayyana shi da 70 Dan. Ainihi ana amfani dashi don wakiltar kaurin fiber na sinadarai.

2. Adadin tsintsiya da yawan kaɗa da saƙo: yana wakiltar yawan yadin ne, watau adadin zaren da zaren da kuma kowane murabba'in inci, wanda harafin Ingilishi “T” yake wakilta. Kula da lambar yawan binciken hanyar saka, a binciki dokar da ta dace ta sakar, domin a auna daidai adadin lambar.

3. Lamba F: kowane zaren yadi ko zaren zaren an haɗa shi da filoli da yawa. Lamba F yana wakiltar adadin filaments a cikin zaren zare ko zaren weft, wanda harafin Ingilishi “F” ke wakilta. Akasin haka, siririn hannun, da wuya.

4, kaurin zaren yatsu: gabaɗaya, amfani da “zaren”, wato, laban ɗin auduga mai launin auduga tsawon yadudduka 840, ana kiran wannan zaren zaren, tare da harafin Ingilishi “s”, kamar su 21 yarn shine 21s. (bayan tuba: 21S = 250D)

5. Fabric jaddadawa wakilci:

Warp kauri / F × weft kauri / F

Faɗi mai fa'ida

Yawan zaren zaren + yawan yadin zaren

Kamar:

70 d / 36 f * 70 d / 36 f

"60" kuma za'a iya gajarta shi zuwa 70D × 190T × 60 ″

118 t + 80 t

3. Kayan aiki:

1. Rarrabawa ta dabi'a (rarrabuwa gama gari kamar haka)

Za'a iya raba zaren cikin zare na halitta da zaren roba ta kayansu. Halittu na zahiri sun haɗa da auduga na siliki, flax, ulu, da sauransu, yayin da zaren wucin gadi ya haɗa da nailan, polyester, acetate, da sauransu. Mai zuwa shine gabatarwar dalla-dalla na zaren da ake yawan amfani da shi:

A. Nylon b. Nylon c. Nylon d. Nylon Nylon ya kasu kashi “nailan 6” da “nailan 66 ″. "Nylon 66" nau'ikan kaddarorin jiki sun fi "nailan 6 ', farashin ya fi tsada. A karkashin yanayi na yau da kullun, tare da wuta don fitar da farin hayaki, sha kamshi irin na mustard. Yawancin lokaci ana rina shi da fenti mai ƙanshi.

B, Polyester: Turanci shine "Polyester", gabaɗaya ana bayyana shi azaman "T". A karkashin yanayi na yau da kullun, tare da hayakin wuta (amma kuma kula da, bayan manne nailan saboda dalili, kona ma ya zama hayaki baki, don haka kula da rarrabewa), saurin konawa, da kamshin kamshi. Galibi ana rina dyes na watsawa don rini. Ya kamata a ba da hankali ga canjin launi da saurin sublimation.

C. Auduga d. Auduga A yanayi na yau da kullun, tare da wuta, saurin ƙonawa a hankali yake, harshen wuta rawaya ne, auduga tana ƙona dandanon da muka fi sani. Asalin auduga fari ne. Tokar Rayon yawanci baƙar fata ce, amma dukansu suna da ɗanɗano. Yawancin lokaci ana rina shi tare da mai amsawa ko dyes kai tsaye.

D) nau'ikan tsarguwa kamar: polyamide / polyester interwoven (N / T), polyamide interwoven (T / N), polyamide interwoven (N / C), polyamide interwoven (C / N), polyester / cotton interwoven (T / C) , auduga-polyester hade (C / T) da sauran nau'ikan fiber. Misali, "N / C" na nufin "warp nailan ne, weft auduga", "C / N" na nufin "warp auduga ne, weft nailan". Da sauransu.

E, akwai kuma zaren acetate, ulu, siliki na siliki da sauran zaruruwa, akwai kuma wadanda ake cakudawa, akwai Tencel fiber (Turanci na Ingilishi, tare da ganye a matsayin kayan zaren viscose fiber).

2. Rarrabawa bisa ga hanyoyin saƙa:

Dangane da hanyar saƙa, ya kasu kashi biyu na saƙa, da saƙat da waɗanda ba saƙa, waɗanda za a iya ƙara raba su kamar haka:

A. saka: yawanci akwai madauwari madauri da dunƙule-tsalle

B. Sakaƙaƙƙen saƙar: ana yin masana'anta da zaren zare da yarn na yaɗa. Dangane da hanyoyi daban-daban na haɗa zani da saƙa, ana iya raba shi zuwa Taffeta, Twill, Sattin da Dobby, da dai sauransu. (Bayanin kula: saƙar da aka sassaka, Twill da satin saƙar sune “kayan aiki na asali guda uku” na saƙar saƙa), kuma a a lokaci guda, za a haɗa su a kan warp ko weft don ƙirƙirar alamu iri-iri. A takaice dai, akwai canje-canje iri-iri da dama, wadanda suke bukatar nazari da fahimtar su a aikace.

C. Baƙaƙen saƙa: ana yin shi ta manne kai tsaye da kuma matse zare ba tare da saƙa ba.

3. Ana iya raba shi zuwa:

A, FDY, DTY, ATY. FDY kayayyakin da aka saka sune nailan, polyester, FDY Oxford zane; Abubuwan da aka saƙa na DTY sun haɗa da yadudduka na bazara, gashin peach, kayan yadudduka na Oxford, da dai sauransu. ATY galibi ana amfani dashi don sakar turrets. Hakanan akwai salon da aka haɗasu daga sama don samar da sakamako daban-daban.

B, rabin haske, ƙarewa da walƙiya. Haske rabin wuta samfurin ƙasa ne, idan babu magani na musamman, zaren galibi shine rabin haske; Arewa a cikin tsarin samar da zaren don ƙara samfurin titanium oxide, don haka kyallen ya kasance kusa da tasirin zaren halitta, mafi kyawun kyakkyawa; Flash shine hasken haske wanda yake bayyana zaren lokacin samar da fiber ta hanyar sanya sassan su zama mai kusurwa uku ko kuma sassakar farfajiyar.

4. Kayan zane na gama gari:

1, Taffeta: nailan Taffeta mai kauri, polyester Taffeta, polypolyester gauraye Taffeta, halin da ake ciki gaba daya: yadin yana da kyau, kyallen shimfidar haske da santsi, mai dan karen tsaka, kamar: nailan 70D × 190T, 210T, 230T; Nylon 40D × 290T, 300T, 310T; Polyester 75D * 190T, 68D * 190T; Polyamide polyester ta haɗu 40D × 50D × 290T, da sauransu. Galibi ana yin shi da zaren FDY.

2. Oxford: nailan Oxford, polyester Oxford da tasilong Oxford. Gabaɗaya magana, zaren ya fi ƙarfi da kyakkyawan ƙarfi da zane mai kauri, kamar nailan 210D, 420D da 840D (na ajin FDY). Polyester 150D, 300D, 600D, 1200D (na ajin DTY ne); Polyester 210D, 420D (ajin FDY); Taslon 200D × 300D, 400D × 500D (na ajin ATY), da dai sauransu.

3. Taslon: nailan Taslon, polyester Taslon da Oxford Taslon. Gabaɗaya halin da ake ciki: zaren zaren ya fi kauri, saman zane yana da nauyi, kuma yana da jin wadata da jin auduga mai juyawa. Irin su: nailan taslon

Mista Zheng (306949978) 10:23:21

70D * 160D * 178T, 184T, 228T, taslon 320D, 640D, taslon Oxford 200D * 300D, 400D * 500D, da sauransu.

4. Maɓuɓɓugar ruwan bazara (Pongee): gabaɗaya yadin DTY ne na polyester mai laushi mai laushi (banda 50D) da jin hannu mai laushi, kamar: polyester spring subtextile 75D * 190T, 210T, 240T, 50D * 280T, 290T, 300T, da sauransu. .

5. Trilobal: nailan taffeta, polyester taffeta, poly-polyester interlace flash, ma'ana, yadudduka da aka saka kamar yarn mai sheki, kamar: ni flash 70D * 190T, 210T, polyester flash twill, da dai sauransu, tare da filasha guda da walƙiya biyu ( ware warp ko weft kamar yadda flash silk ake kira single flash, kuma warp da weft kamar flash siliki ana kiransa flash flash).

6, Twill (Twill): ƙyallen tsabar hatsi don Twill, Twill zane gaba ɗaya ya fi girma yawa na warp da weft. Kamar su: nailan twill 70D * 210 * 230T, 272T, 290T, polyester twill 75D * 75D * 230T, 260T, da gauraye twill.

7. Saƙa: kamar su brocade / polyester interweave (N / T), brocade / auduga interweave (N / C), polyester-cotton interweave (T / C), da sauransu Nailan da polyester na iya zama FDY, DTY ko ATY, rabin haske, matte ko haske. Daga cikin su, zaren auduga ya kasu kashi-kashi na gam-gam, wanda aka hada da shi, aka hada shi, har yanzu yana da wani zaren bamboo.

8. Peach skin (Microfiber): wanda aka fi sani da Microfiber. Kamar su polyester peach leather 43022 (75D * 240T), 43099 (75D * 150D * 220T), 43377 (twill, 75D * 150D * 230T), da sauransu.

9. Satin da satin.

10. Bugu da kari, akwai lattice (Ripstop), jacquard (Dobby), da dai sauransu waɗanda aka samo su ta hanyar sauye-sauyen jinsunan da ke sama.

V. gwajin masana'anta bayani dalla-dalla:

A cikin aikin dole ne koyaushe ku kula da daidaito na ƙididdigar ƙididdigar masana'anta, da zarar kuskuren zai haifar da hasara mara ƙima, saboda haka ya kamata a ba da kulawa ta musamman ga nazarin ƙididdigar ƙididdigar ƙira da nuna bambanci, da mai da hankali ga ƙwarewar ƙwarewa a cikin aikin , tabbatar da cimma cikakken bincike.

1. Kadarorin masana'anta: nailan, polyester, auduga, N / C, T / C, da sauransu.

2. Yarn kaddarorin: FDY, DTY, ATY, da dai sauransu.

3. Salo (yanayin bayyanar): saƙa mai kyau, jujjuya, duba, saƙar satin, Dobby, da sauransu

A. saƙa a sarari: dunƙule ɗaya da saƙa guda, warƙar sau biyu da ɓara biyu, warƙar sau biyu da warɗi ɗaya da kuma saƙa biyu (zaren sau biyu), da dai sauransu.

B. twill: 1/2, 1/3, 2/2, 2/3, da dai sauransu

C, lattice: akwai lattice a ɓoye, layi mai iyo (layuka biyu suna shawagi, layi uku suna iyo), kuma kuma kula da girman lattice, yawan layukan meridional da zonal a cikin grid da mashigar ruwa mai layin layin layin shawagi. .

D. ga satin, saƙa (ko saƙa) nawa ne warp (ko saƙa) yake shawagi a ciki kuma weft (ko weft) nawa ne (ko weft) ya nitse a ciki?

E, Dobby iri-iri, karin hankali ga nazarin dokar saƙar ƙira.

F. kula da sauran salo da fasali.

Denny count ko yarn count: warp, weft da daidai F count.

5, warp da weft yawa: tabbatar ka fahimci dokar sakar masaka, lamba da lissafi ya zama daidai.

6. emiaramin haske, ƙarewa ko walƙiya.

7. Nisa na zane (kula da nisa a ciki ko a waje da huda, sannan kuma a kula da faɗin fa'idar da aka gama samfurin bayan sanya manne ko wasu sarrafawa).

Vi. Rarraba al'adun gargajiya (shafi)

Babi na ii ilimin asali na rini da gama yadudduka

I. aikin sarrafawa na asali

Binciken tayi da kuma lalata dye da bushewar rigar amfrayo, gamawa da sarrafawa bayan dubawa (gami da siffawa, mannawa, hada kayan kwalliya, saka kwalliya, danko PVC, Fatar PU, hada abubuwa, yin kwalliya, da sauransu)

Ii Gabatarwa ga kowane tsari da sarrafa hankali:

1. Gwajin tayi da kuma dinke amfrayo din tayi:

A. Wato, an dinka kyallen amfrayo a cikin Babban Roll ko A akwatin motoci, wanda ake kira A silinda, yawan A Silinda ya bambanta gwargwadon yadda ake sarrafa masana'anta.

B. Binciken tayi amman yafi kula da ingancin kyallen amfrayo dan ganin ko akwai wasu matsaloli kamar zane, weft file, mataccen ninki, tabo mai launin rawaya, tabo mai laushi, da dai sauransu. A lokaci guda, ya kamata a biya hankali don bincika ko masana'anta sun dace da bukatun. A karkashin yanayi na yau da kullun, ana buƙatar lambar tsari.

2. Desizing:

A. Domin kiyaye zaren daga yin kwalliya yayin sakar, ana saka zaren, saboda haka ya kamata a rage shi kafin a rina shi don canza launi.

B. Idan zafin ba shi da tsabta, za a sami tabo mai launi, ɗumbin ɓangare na almara da sauran lahani bayan rini.

C. Gabaɗaya, bayan lalata, yakamata a wanke kuma a tsabtace shi, in ba haka ba yadin da ke da ƙimar PH zai zama da kyau da kuma sauran abubuwan da basu dace ba.

D. yawanci akwai hanyoyi guda biyu na zafin abincin: lalata silinda da kuma doguwar mota. Gabaɗaya, tsohon yana da kyakkyawan sakamako, amma ƙarancin aiki.

3. Rini:

(1) sinadarin fiber dyeing:

A. Yanayi na yau da kullun: gabaɗaya ƙasa da 100 ℃, galibi ana amfani dashi don rinayar nylon taffeta na nylon, nailan Oxford, nailan twill, da dai sauransu. Wannan hanyar tana da sauƙi don samar da ɓarkewar chromatic da hagu, na tsakiya da na dama, wasu abubuwan rashin lafiya.

B. Dyeing mai yawan zafin jiki: yawan zafin jiki kusan kusan 130 130 ne, galibi ana amfani dashi don rinin rinin polyester taffeta, N66, zane na nailan, polyester Oxford (filament), da sauransu. Wannan hanyar tana da sauƙi don samar da bambancin launin kai da wutsiya, hagu, bambancin launi na tsakiya da na dama, gurguntaka, yanayin launi da sauran abubuwan rashin dace.

C. Ruwan da ya wuce gona da iri: yawan zafin jiki ya kusan 100 ℃ zuwa 130 ℃, galibi ana amfani da shi don rini na kayan polyester kamar su yadin bazara, feshin fata na peach, polyester Oxford, tullon, polypolyester interweave, da dai sauransu. A halin yanzu, ana amfani da nailan da sauran samfuran tare da wrinkles ta wannan hanyar. Wannan hanyar tana da sauki don samar da furanni masu launuka, alamomin ƙafafun kaji, madaidaiciya rini da ninka. D. dye dusar ƙafafun kafa: ya dace da kowane irin zane, amma ya kamata a yi amfani dashi daidai gwargwadon ƙimar inganci. Za'a iya sarrafa zafin dye daga 100 ℃ zuwa fiye da 130 ℃, wanda ke da sauƙin samar da irin waɗannan rikice-rikicen kamar ƙananan gefuna da matakan banbanci.

(2) dyeing hanyoyin sauran yadudduka:

A. Rini na auduga: yawan rina mota mai tsayi (yawan da ake buƙata), rini mai mirgina (adadi mai yawa ko ƙarami da yawa da aka ba shi izini), ruguwar ambaliyar ruwa (matsakaici ko ƙarami da aka yarda). Dyes masu amsawa (tare da saurin sauri), dyes kai tsaye (tare da saurin sauri) da launuka masu raguwa (tare da mafi kyawun sauri) akwai.

B, N / C, C / N rini: yawan ambaliyar ruwa ana karɓe ta. Da farko ana rina auduga sannan ana yin rina mai nailan. Ana amfani da launuka masu kuzari don rina auduga da dyes acid (tare da mafi kyaun sauri) ana amfani da su don rina nailan. Hakanan amfani da rini kai tsaye don rina (azumin mara kyau).

C, T / C, C / T rini: yawan ambaliyar ruwa an karɓa, ana sanya fenti a farko sannan ana yin rina auduga, ana yin rini da polyester tare da watsa rina, ana rina auduga tare da mai rini mai amsa (azumin mai kyau). Hakanan akwai dogon rini na mota, rini, ta amfani da dyes kai tsaye (rashin saurin sauri).

(3) rarraba launi:

A, dyes acid: ana amfani dashi don yadudduka yadudduka yadudduka, gabaɗaya zuwa launi mai ƙarfi don haɓaka saurin launi, amma kuma don kula da zaɓin haɗin haɗin rini da amfani da Aikin rini mai ma'ana. Ana zaɓar wakilin gyara ba daidai ba ko sashi yana da yawa na iya haifar da da wuya.

B. Rarraba dyes: ana amfani dashi don rinin dusar yadin polyester. Gabaɗaya, yakamata ayi amfani da wankin VAT don haɓaka saurin launi. Rarraba dyes suna ba da kulawa ta musamman don canja wuri da saurin sublimation.

C, dyes mai amsawa da dyes dyes: suna cikin dyes masu ƙarancin zafin jiki.

4. Bushewa :( kullum kasu kashi abin nadi bushewa da kuma wadanda ba lamba bushewa)

A, babu bushewar lamba babu na'urar busarwa da injin gyare-gyaren, babu lamba tsakanin masana'anta da hita, dogaro da feshin iska mai zafi akan masana'anta don cimma manufar bushewa. Ainihi ana amfani dashi don bushewa kayayyakin da aka rina saboda ya sa kyallen fata ya kasance mai wadata da wadata. Kudin ya fi abin nadi bushewa. B. Bushewar Drum: kyallen yana mu'amala kai tsaye da ganga, kuma ana samun nasarar busar da kyallen ne ta hanyar dumama ganga Ana amfani dashi galibi don yin rini da dye kayan samfu na dyeing (kamar su nailan siliki, polyester, nailan Oxford, polyester filament Oxford, da sauransu), hasumiyar siliki mai dogon aji kuma zata iya zama ta farko a cikin busar bushewar drum (amma zai iya zama na farko kawai bushewa shida, bakwai bushe don kar ya haifar da hannu yayi karfi sosai), sannan sai a tafi kan injin ayi aikin sarrafa ruwa domin inganta ruwan. Dryananan farashin bushewa.

5. Matsakaici dubawa:

A. Babban dubawa zai gwada saurin launi iri daban-daban na kyallen kuma ya mai da hankali ga ingancin farfaren kyallen, kamar su kirji, bambancin launi (bambancin launi, bambancin silinda, bambancin rami), yanayin launi, tabon launi, datti, maiko , zanen zaren, fayil ɗin weft, warp strip, da dai sauransu B. Sarrafa samfurorin da suke da lahani daga shiga ƙananan ɓangare don hana ƙaruwar farashi. Bayan kammalawa da sarrafa masana'anta, wasu samfuran da ba na al'ada ba za a iya gyara su ko da wahalar gyarawa ba. C. yadinda za'a sake gyara shi kuma a dinke shi kafin ya shiga sashe na gaba.

6. Kammala zane:

A. Bayan an kammala, kayan jiki da na sinadaran masana'anta suna da karko sosai. Misali, kankanta, fadi, warp da kuma karfin kaya ba sauki a canza su. A lokaci guda, a kammala zane wannan ɓangaren har yanzu yana iya yin processingan aiki na aiki, ya zama kamar ruwan fantsama (mai hana ruwa), taushi, kan resin, mai kashe wuta, maganin rigakafi, maganin rigakafi, ruwan sha (maganin teflon), sha danshi don fitar da gumi , yaki da kwayar cuta don hana wari dan jira kadan. B. Saboda tsananin yanayin zafin jiki, ya kamata a mai da hankali ga canje-canjen launi kafin da bayan saitawa, musamman wasu launuka masu laushi, kamar launin toka, koren sojoji, khaki mai haske, da sauransu. Ana buƙatar samfuran gaba ɗaya don daidaitawa zuwa launi na ƙarshe . C. tsarawa zai iya sarrafa nisa, warp da nauyin kaya, raguwa, da dai sauransu, musamman kula da raguwa, wanda kai tsaye ke shafar aikin sarrafawa, don haka ya kamata a biya kulawa ta musamman. (abin da muke buƙata na ƙayyadadden tsari shine yawan ƙyamar 3%, tsananin ƙyamar wanka na 2%). Babban mahimman abubuwan da suka shafi tasirin siffa sune zafin jiki, saurin gudu da wuce gona da iri. D. Gabatarwa zuwa nau'ikan aiki da yawa:

(1) fantsama ruwa don kammala zane na masana'anta yana da ruwa da kuma dustproof aiki;

Finarshen kammala zane ya sa yarn ya zama mai laushi da santsi, amma ku mai da hankali ga ko masana'anta za su zame yarn. Za a iya yin fantsama da ruwa mai laushi a lokaci guda, wanda zai sa masana'anta su zama marasa ruwa da taushi, amma laushi zai shafi ruwan feshin.

(3) resin kammala kammala zane anfi amfani dashi ga masana'anta na zaren mai ƙarfi kuma bari a ji m, wasu daga cikin resin ya ƙunshi formaldehyde, ya kamata su mai da hankali ga zaɓin; Fesa ruwa da guduro sa za a iya yi a lokaci guda, kuma guduro fesa wakili yana da inganta sakamako.

Mai kashe wuta ya kammala zanen aikin jinkirin harshen wuta na masana'anta yana da rawar taimako, ana iya yin jinkirin wuta a lokaci guda don kammala ƙirar ruwa, amma don ba da kulawa ta musamman ga zaɓin wakilin ruwa, in ba haka ba sakamakon na harshen wuta ya yi girma sosai

Antistatic kammala zane ya sanya yarn yana da aikin antistatic, zai iya kammala zane tare da fantsama ruwa a lokaci guda, amma yana da tasiri ga fantsama ruwan tasiri.

6 shayar da danshi da zufa sun gama zane ta yadda masana'anta zasu iya daukar gumi da sauri, kayan wasan motsa jiki suna da babban kwanciyar hankali. Ba za ku iya yin shi da ruwa ba.

Aikin sarrafa ƙanshi na Antibacterial shine yafi ba da damar masana'anta da aikin antibacterial, galibi ana amfani da su a wuraren kiwon lafiya.

A yau ya cika ruwa (wanda kuma ake kira maganin teflon): fiye da yadda aka watsa ruwan feshin tare da mafi kyawun ruwa, tasirin ƙura, amma kuma tare da aikin rigakafin mai. Gabaɗaya magana, baƙon zai nemi alamar dupont.

7. Calendering da mannewa:

A, sakamakon sanya kalanzir yana daidaita jin laushi yasa sanya kyallen shimfidar shimfidar ya zama mai fadi, ya rage gibin da ke tsakanin zaren masana'anta don hana tasirin ko sanya gam din zai iya cimma matsayar ruwa mafi girma yasa fuskar manne ta zama mai santsi da kyau sakamako. Abubuwa uku na alaƙa abubuwa masu zafi sune, yanayin zafi da matsi. Calendering yana canza launin yarn. C. Manne na iya sa rigar ta zama ruwan sha, mai hana ruwa, iska da sauran ayyuka, haka kuma zaren mai zare a jikin yadin, ya kara kallo da jin dadi, kuma ya kara ji, ya sanya mayafin ya zama mai matukar amfani. D. acrylic (wanda aka fi sani da AC, PA), PU mannewa, mai hura numfashi da mai narkewa, wanda za'a iya sarrafa shi a cikin m, farin m, m azurfa, m launi, m pearl, uri m da sauransu. Hakanan za'a iya ƙara kayan haɗin da suka dace a cikin manne don haka yana da anti-UV, jinkirin harshen wuta, anti-yellowing da sauran sakamako.

E. Kula da sarrafa matsi na ruwa, jin (kauri, mai taushi da tauri), daidaiton manne, ƙarfin bawo, juriyar ruwa (fari), fari, da dai sauransu Har ila yau kula da farfajiyar kolloidal, alamomi, ko sun bushe. Ya kamata a ba da hankali ga tasirin m saman kan teburin dakatar da ruwa (PVC tsiri / PU tsiri).

8, PVC bonding: kula da kauri daga bonding, ji, bonding kwasfa ƙarfi, ingancin da m surface.

9. Sauran sarrafawa: busassun PU (takardar raba takarda), hadadden, PU fata, da sauransu.

10. Wankewa: ya kamata a wanke wasu auduga, N / C, T / C. Ana iya raba wankan ruwa zuwa wankin ruwa na yau da kullun, wankin ruwa mai laushi da wankin ruwa na enzyme (cire gashi akan saman auduga).

11. Binciken ƙarshe: bincika ingancin abubuwan da aka gama, sanya su, shirya su da tsara su don jigilar kaya, kuma gabaɗaya yin bayanan dubawa da tebur mai dacewa. Duk wata matsala yakamata tazama mai dacewa ga mai siyarwa don sadarwa tare da kwastoman.

Babi na iii girmamawa akan ingancin masana'anta

1, fadi: galibi ana nufin fadin mai fa'ida, ma'ana, fadin pinhole, ko bayan manne fa'ida mai fa'ida.

2, warp da weft yawa: tsauraran buƙatu dole ne su kula da auna warp da weft yawa.

3, weft lankwasawa: general grid zane weft lankwasawa bukatun ba zai zama mafi girma fiye da 3%, bayyana zane weft lankwasawa ba zai zama mafi girma fiye da 5%.

4. Rawan ƙanƙancewa: ƙarancin ƙarancin ƙarancin kayayyakin da aka ƙayyade a cikin alƙaluma da kuma zonal kwatance bayan wanka.

5. Digirin fesa ruwa: Ana auna ISO da darajoji (bambancin digiri 50 ~ 100 darajji mai kyau) ko ta matakin AATCC (bambancin matakin 1 ~ digiri 5 mai kyau). Matakan AATCC 3 yayi daidai da matakin digiri 80 na ISO.

6, saurin launi: wannan alama ce mai matukar mahimmanci, yana dauke da saurin wanki (tare da kode a cikin saurin launi, saurin launi), saurin saurin ruwa (samun kode, da launi), hasken rana (faded) saurin launi da shafa azumin (samu Fade, mai launi tare da launi), azumin zuwa zufa (ya dusashe, ya zama mai launi), saurin sublimation, fenti dyeing, da dai sauransu, kamar yadda aka auna ta hanyar bambancin matakin (1 ~ 5).

7. Starfi: ƙarfin ƙarfi, ƙarfin hawaye da ƙarfin fashewa (kg / cm2).

8. Tsarin juriya na ruwa: ƙarfin juriya na matsa lamba na ruwa (digiri na ruwa), kamar 2000mm / H2O (mm shafi na ruwa), mafi girman ƙimar, mafi ingancin aikin ruwa.

9. Shiga cikin danshi: naúrar itace g / M2 * Rana, tana mai nuni da ingancin ruwan da yake ratsawa ta tsawon murabba'in mita 1 cikin awanni 24 a wani yanayi mai zafi da zafi.

10. Zubar da mai: jerin jarabawa ne na masana'antar sarrafa teflon, ta kasu kashi 5 (bambancin maki 1 ~ maki 5 mai kyau).

11, ban da aikin jinkirin harshen wuta, anti-static, anti-ultraviolet da sauran halaye na gwajin, waɗannan suna buƙatar ƙungiyar ƙwararru don samun hanyar yin gwaji, a nan ba cikakken bayani ba.


Post lokaci: Feb-26-2020